The history of Australia started about 250 years ago, so we know that it is a fairly “new” country. Even so, the first inhabitants of Australia were the aborigines and it is believed that they arrived more than 50,000 years ago. Wow!
During the 17th century, Australia was known as “New Holland”, until on January 26, 1770, James Cook (an explorer from the United Kingdom) arrived on the continent and claimed the territory as British. This date is currently known as Australia Day or Invasion Day. A day to reflect, as Australian aborigines currently represent only 2% of the population. What a pity!
Subsequently, Australia was used as a penal colony from 1788 to 1868 and it is estimated that a total of 160,000 male and female prisoners arrived. Thus, the aborigines were displaced by them and prevented them from continuing with their traditional lifestyle.
In 1880, the cities of Melbourne and Sydney began to modernize, followed by the other cities such as: Gold Coast, Brisbane and Perth.
Finally, on January 1, 1901, the six states of Australia – New South Wales (NSW), Queensland (QLD), South Australia (SA), Tasmania (TAS), Victoria (VIC) and Western Australia (WA) – were they became a nation governed by a single constitution.